Pregnancy comes with many symptoms, some good and some bad. One of the most common, less-frequently discussed symptoms of pregnancy is foot pain. Since pregnancy changes so much about your body, it can change your entire center of gravity and gait. This can be very hard on your feet. Here are some of the most common causes of pregnancy-related foot pain, and what you can do to treat them.
Over Pronation: Over pronation is when your arches collapse when you stand or walk. This can cause your ankles to roll slightly in. Over pronation can cause pain in the feet and ankles. Over pronation is common during pregnancy because of the extra weight pregnant women carry. One common treatment for over pronation is orthotic insoles. Insoles can fit easily into your shoes, prevent the arches from falling flat with each step, and prevent your heels from rolling inward. This will release the tension in your feet and reduce or eliminate your foot pain. Orthotic inserts are available for purchase in drugstores, but for the most effective insert, you should visit a foot doctor and be measured for insoles that will fit your foot perfectly.
Edema: Edema (or swelling) in the feet is common during the end phases of pregnancy when your body is retaining water, and your blood volume is higher. This can be uncomfortable and can cause foot pain, as it places extra pressure on your feet. The best way to prevent swelling on your feet is to put them up. Do not sit for too long with your feet on the floor; put them up whenever possible. Try not to eat too much salt and be sure to drink plenty of water. Since excess swelling can be caused by other more serious problems, be sure to talk to your doctor about whether your swelling is normal.
Plantar Fasciitis: Plantar fasciitis is a strain on the plantar fascia, the membrane that connects the heel to the ball of your foot. This membrane can become strained as a result of over-use. The excess weight that is common during pregnancy can be a cause of plantar fasciitis. Treatment of plantar fasciitis during pregnancy includes resting off of your feet as much as possible. Pain can be managed with ice on the heel and the balls of the feet. Your doctor will also be able to show you some stretches and foot exercises to relieve pain caused by plantar fasciitis.
With the right medical care and treatments, you can reduce or eliminate your pregnancy-related foot pain. For more information, contact a foot and ankle doctor in your area.